Skorpedia: Boling Pernah Jadi Olahraga Terlarang di Inggris

Krisna Daneshwara

Editor:

  • Boling pernah menjadi olahraga terlarang di Inggris pada abad ke-14.
  • Saat itu, Raja Edward III menerbitkan undang-undang yang melarang seluruh warga Inggris memainkan boling.
  • Penyebabnya, akibat boling, orang-orang malas berlatih memanah sehingga ini dianggap merugikan Inggris dalam pembentukan angkatan perang. 

SKOR.id - Boling merupakan salah satu olahraga yang cukup digandrungi di era modern seperti sekarang.

Selain dipertandingkan dalam berbagai event besar maupun kompetisi resmi, permainan ini sangat cocok untuk rekreasi keluarga.

Akan tetapi, tidak banyak yang tahu kalau boling pernah menjadi olahraga terlarang di Inggris pada abad ke-14, tepatnya pada 1366.

Kala itu, Raja Edward III mengeluarkan undang-undang yang melarang seluruh warga Inggris memainkan boling.

Alasannya ternyata berkaitan dengan perang. Akibat bermain boling, tentara dan rakyat Inggris malas-malasan dalam latihan memanah.Namun, aturan itu tak berlangsung lama.

Bahkan, Inggris sudah mendirikan arena boling tertutup pada 1455 sehingga olahraga ini bisa dimainkan dalam segala cuaca. Sebelumnya, boling dimainkan di atas lapangan rumput.

Adapun, bentuk boling paling kuno terlihat pada gambar dinding alias hierofglif di zaman Mesir Kuno.

Gambar tersebut ditemukan di makam raja Mesir, Fir'aun, dengan tahun pembuatan gambar sekitar 5.200 SM.

Sisa "bola boling" zaman itu pun ditemukan di antara artefak Mesir Kuno yang berasal dari periode protodynastic Mesir pada 3.200 SM.

Saat itu, boling ditengarai menjadi permainan anak-anak yang menggunakan bola dari batu, miniatur trilithon, dan sembilan figur berbentuk vas pualam berurat breksi.

Sekitar 2.000 tahun silam, permainan ini populer di kalangan legiun-legiun Romawi. Saat itu, boling menggunakan batu.

Adapun, pada 400 masehi, boling digunakan sebagai ritual keagamaan di Jerman. Permainan boling dipakai untuk membersihkan diri dari dosa penyembahan terhadap berhala. 

Untuk saat ini, boling sudah dimainkan oleh masyarakat dunia. Bahkan, berbagai multievent turut mempertandingkan cabang ini secara resmi seperti di SEA Games dan Asian Games.

Akan tetapi, cabang olahraga boling belum dimainkan di pesta olahraga terbesar di dunia, Olimpiade.

Ikuti juga InstagramFacebook, dan Twitter dari Skor Indonesia.

 
 
 
View this post on Instagram
 
 
 

A post shared by Skor Indonesia (@skorindonesia)

Berita Olahraga Lainnya:

Sejarah Hari Ini: Bambang Pamungkas Putuskan Pensiun Setahun Lalu

Skorpedia: Sejarah dan Perkembangan Olahraga Biliar 

Source: Wikipedia

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